American Indians at European Contact | NCpedia
What was early contact like between Europeans and Natives? This lesson examines what happened between early English settlers and Native Americans in North America. What did the 'Dyscoverers' (explorers) take with them?. Columbus's discovery brought new opportunity for Europeans. Many colonists saw Native Americans as savages who had little in common with them and did not need or deserve the European settlers didn't understand Native American culture. Donald Trump Becomes President · President Obama: America's First. The indigenous peoples of this land Europeans called the “new world” were separated . They did not place Native American traditions under the protection of.
Pupils are asked to explore both positive and negative aspects of these encounters, which can then be developed further in a number of ways. This is a contemporary map engraved by William Hole based on descriptions by the discoverer of Virginia, Captain John Smith. The map uses a mix of English and Native place names.
These are extracts from the diaries of one of the Virginia settlers, possibly Captain Gabriel Archer, and show the life of the settlers as well as their interaction with the native Americans.
When the Native American Indians First Met the European Settlers | Owlcation
The lesson could form a background to the teaching of the History Scheme of Work Unit What were the effects of Tudor exploration?
The lesson also covers breadth of study National Curriculum requirements through investigation of a world study beforespecifically indigenous peoples of North America. The final written task offers a clear literacy opportunity, and further links with citizenship and PSHE issues could be made with teacher development. They viewed Native Americans as a wild, godless people. Europeans wanted to teach them European ways of dressing, eating, living, and learning. Missionaries tried to convert Native Americans to their religions.
European settlers often had disputes with Native Americans over land.
The Native Americans, with their swords, knives, and bows and arrows, were no match for European guns. Many Native Americans died in combat. Thousands more died from diseases, such as smallpox, measles, mumps, influenza, chickenpox, and tuberculosis, brought by the Europeans. The Indians had never been exposed to these diseases and had no resistance.
This means that only one in ten Natives survived this hidden enemy. Their descendants are the 2. New trade goods represented another big change that European explorers and colonists brought to American Indians.
Soon after meeting their European visitors, Indians became very interested in things that the colonists could provide. In a short time, the Indians began using these new materials and products in their everyday lives.
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- What Did the Native Americans and the Settlers Expect When They First Met?
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Native hunters were eager to trade prepared deer hides and other pelts for lengths of colored cloth. Metal tools such as axes, hoes, and knives became valuable new resources.
Soon American Indian men put aside their bows and arrows for European firearmspowder, and lead shot. Trade items like metal pots often were cut up and remade into new tools or weapons.
First Encounters in the Americas
The desire to get European goods changed ancient trading patterns. The tradition of simple hunting for food began to become less important than getting animal hides to trade. Soon American Indians depended on European items for daily needs.
Colonial traders also brought rumand this drink caused many problems for some tribes. New trade goods brought from across the Atlantic Ocean changed American Indian lives forever. A third big change connected to this new trade was slavery. Europeans needed workers to help build houses and clear fields.
Native American Clashes with European Settlers
They soon realized that they could offer trade goods like tools and weapons to certain American Indian tribes that would bring them other Indians captured in tribal wars. These captured Indians were bought and sold as slaves.
You might think that Africans brought to America were the only enslaved people. It is surprising to learn that before in the Carolinas, one-fourth of all enslaved people were American Indian men, women, and children. Before the port city of Charleston shipped out many Native slaves to work in the Caribbean or to be sold in northern cities like Boston.
Slavery led to warfare among tribes and to much hardship. Many tribes had to move to escape the slave trade, which destroyed some tribes completely. In time, the practice of enslaving Native peoples ended. However, it had greatly affected American Indians of the South and the Southwest.